I have been encouraged, previously, to realise that writing is a complex task, according to Scardamalia and Bereiter, 1991 (‘Literate Expertise’).
Now that I am trying to help others to write, I am also finding out a bit more about that complexity. It has to do with the contextual nature of writing and meaning making.
Bateson, (1972/1969 ‘Double Bind’, in Steps to an Ecology of Mind), suggests that part of the capacity to be creative arises from somehow recognising cues from context .. and realising that in a certain context, something new is what is most appropriate.
It seems to me, as I try and suggest alternatives, of word choice, of sentence construction, for non-native English writers working on thesis drafting, and as I try to explain why what is written is not satisfying me, as a reader, the issue of a range of options of how else to write this, arises.
Those options need to be examined , and by using a range of evaluative criteria, in order to choose, or to design, which one, of the many ways of saying something, best serves the meaning the writer wants to convey.
No wonder, when I tried to construct a email, to share some of this, the email became more and more convoluted …
I needed to be with the writer, questioning, and finding out the meaning they intended,
I needed to help them to settle the choice on one issue before I/we could proceed to the next issue, whether it was immediately consequential, or not.
The choice of options, and all options chosen, needs to consolidate (or coalesce) around the purpose of the writing. This is what is meant by coherence – a context in which each sentence has its own inimitable part to play.
It seems that I wasn’t far wrong, as an eight-to-nine-year-old, in reading the lot to try and find the meaning of the new word/s, rather than using a dictionary as a first resort. I was working on understanding a new term, especially, in its context, as well as by its context.
5 Feb 2010: Now I find, from Kate Wilson’s thesis on EAP, that van Lier (2004) puts ‘context’ on the top of his list of ten principles for language learning. [No. Kate puts ‘context’ top; van Lier puts ‘relations’ top and ‘context’ second; though if we are strictly systemic, it willbe hard to order anything as top, because they are all interrelated, so that you cannot have-one-without-the-other.]